United Federation of Planets

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Facts

  • Full name: United Federation of Planets
  • Common name: Federation
  • Founded: August 12, 2161
  • Center of Government: Palais de la Concorde, Paris, France, Earth
  • Population: 9.85 trillion
  • Membership
    • 10 member nations as of March 2166 (ENT Novel: Patterns of Interference)
    • Over 150 members as of October 2373 (First Contact)
    • 155 member nations as of December 2380 (Novel: Articles of the Federation)
    • Federation Members
    • Individual members still hold some degree of sovereignty, including continuity of government following membership and sharing ambassadors between one another
      • Federation membership largely to facilitate interplanetary cooperation and trade and provide for interplanetary defense
      • Regular Ministerial Conferences held as needed for executive heads with relevant portfolios to meet, discuss Federation issues and devise policy (ENT Novel: A Choice of Futures)
        • Additionally includes Prime Ministers' Conference for member heads of state (ENT Novel: A Choice of Futures)
  • Method of government
    • Described and established by Articles of the Federation
    • Executive
      • Led by President
        • Election held once every four years (TNG Novel: A Time for War, A Time for Peace)
          • Direct election by all Federation citizens among those nominated by the Council (TNG Novel: A Time for War, A Time for Peace)
          • Elections held in November, president takes oath of office immediately following confirmation of results
        • No term limits
        • In event of resignation or death, special election is held for remainder of term
        • Federation Presidents
      • Office of the President directed by Chief of Staff
        • Has authority over all staff in the Palais
        • Often serves as advisor to the President
        • Granted high security clearance to support them
        • Administration specific, comes and goes with the President
        • Federation President Chiefs of Staff
      • Divided into various departments
        • Departments formed by Council, filled by Executive appointment with Council approval
        • Led by Secretaries
        • Commissioners implement policy in field, meet regularly at regional departmental conferences
      • Departments:
        • Agriculture
        • Commerce
        • Defense
          • Starfleet falls under jurisdiction of Federation Department of Defense, though only Federation President is in Starfleet chain of command, not Federation Secretary of Defense
        • Exterior
          • Foreign policy
        • Housing
        • Science and Technology (est. 2161)
        • Temporal Investigations (est. 2270)
        • Travel
          • Transportation
        • Federation Security Advisor
          • Independent cabinet-level office appointed directly by the President without Council approval, no connection to Departments of Defense or the Exterior
          • Works with Starfleet to provide daily security briefings
          • Has a deputy, also appointed by the President, as well as independent staff
          • Serves as alternate point of view, as well as providing (in theory) mutual oversight between the office of the FSA and the Departments of Defense or the Exterior
      • Ambassadors
        • Selected by President, confirmed by the Council
        • Traditionally resign at the conclusion of a President's administration, incoming President can offer continuance of role or select new ambassador in their place (Novel: Articles of the Federation)
        • Ambassadors kept both between Federation and foreign powers and between member nations
          • Latter likely appointed by individual member states, not under total Federation jurisdiction
        • Federation Ambassadors
        • Foreign ambassadors received by the President
    • Legislative and Judicial
      • Led by Federation Council
        • President serves as presiding official
        • Each member nation represented by one councillor
        • Method of selection determined individually by each member nation
        • Service indefinite
        • Federation Councillors
        • Sessions convene once every six months, three weeks of recess between sessions
          • Councillors must be present at the start of a new session or they may not participate until next session
      • Includes various standing committees
        • Archaeology Council
        • External Affairs Council
        • Intelligence Council
        • Judiciary Council
          • Equivalent of supreme court (assumedly establishes civilian court system in this respect, but not specified)
          • Also serves as legal advisory board for the President, akin to attorney general
        • Science Council
        • Security Council
          • 13 member body consisting of five councillors representing the founding members, eight nominated by President and confirmed by the Council