United Earth

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  • Full name: United Earth
  • Center of government: Earth
  • Established 2130
    • First formed under the Traité d'Unification (Novel: Articles of the Federation)
    • Full unification of Earth occurred July 14, 2150, with the last holdout nations signing the Traité d'Unification (S31 Novel: Control)
  • Core territory consists of the Sol system, excepting Mars
  • Initially a reluctant client state of the Confederacy of Vulcan in interstellar affairs
  • Founding member of the Coalition of Planets (ENT Novel: The Good That Men Do)
  • Founding member of the Federation
    • Officially considered the first member via signing order
      • Councillor Haroun al-Rashid (2161 - 2164) (ENT Novel: A Choice of Futures; ENT Novel: Tower of Babel)
      • Councillor Percival Kimbridge (2164 - ) (ENT Novel: Tower of Babel)
      • Councillor Jonathan Archer (2175 - 2184) (ENT: "In a Mirror, Darkly")
      • Councillor Siobhan Tilly ( - 2248 - 2249 - ) (DIS Novel: The Way to the Stars)
      • Councillor Matthew Mazibuko ( - 2376 - 2380 - ) (DS9 Novel: Trill: Unjoined; Novel: Articles of the Federation)

Political Structure

  • Federated parliamentary government
    • Defined by the United Earth constitution (ENT Novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing)
    • Individual member states still function as semi-independent bodies
    • Functions under a socialist economy based on distribution of resources by need rather than wealth
      • Transition completed late-22nd century (VOY: "Dark Frontier")
      • Not strictly post-scarcity until development of the replicator
      • Moneyless economy on Earth established by "Dark Frontier", but seemingly not Federation-wide until 24th century
    • Executive
      • Prime Minister serves as head of government (ENT: "Demons", "Terra Prime"; ENT Novel: The Good That Men Do, Kobayashi Maru, Beneath the Raptor's Wing, To Brave the Storm)
        • United Earth Prime Ministers
        • Guided by cabinet of advisors, known as secretaries
          • Secretary of the Defense (ENT Novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing)
        • Executive functions within the parliament divided into ministries, each led by a minister of the legislature
          • Presumed by Minister Littlejohn being a member of the legislative body by Beneath the Raptor's Wing, possibly based on Westminster system of government
          • Ministry of the Interior (ENT Novel: The Good That Men Do, Kobayashi Maru, Beneath the Raptor's Wing)
        • Enforcement and oversight divided into bureaus
          • Bureau of Extraterrestrial Resource Extraction (ENT Novel: To Brave the Storm)
      • President serves as head of state (ENT Novel: To Brave the Storm)
    • Legislature
      • United Earth Parliament (ENT Novel: To Brave the Storm)
        • Bicameral body consisting of elected ministers (ENT Novel: Beneath the Raptor's Wing, To Brave the Storm)
    • Two military bodies prior to Federation membership
    • United Earth Space Probe Agency - civilian space exploration body
    • Earth Security Agency - United Earth intelligence agency (ENT Novel: Patterns of Interference; SCE Short Story: "Aftermath")
      • Existed as an international cooperative prior to incorporation of United Earth, taken under United Earth jurisdiction upon incorporation
      • Often participated closely with Earth Starfleet on equal footing
      • Led by a director (SCE Short Story: "Aftermath")
    • Earth Cargo Service - United Earth merchant marine

Laws and regulations

  • Transporters not allowed within any building designated as a historical landmark (TNG Novel: A Time for War, A Time for Peace)